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INDEPENDENCE IS the freedom of the soul, a perception of the mind and a feeling understood by the heart. This freedom, perception and more importantly, this feeling is that of liberation, patriotism, self-dependence and other such things. When all such terms are put together and imposed upon the majority, it is a big responsibility on the youth of that nation and on those who create it. That nation is India.
“I’m proud to be an Indian.” How often have you heard that phrase? How often have you heard that phrase and felt the emotion coming through, like a quiver of arrows? Maybe once, maybe twice or maybe you never gave it a thought. Now that is freedom of thought. But, is it any good? However, with the evolving face of the youth of today, the insight levels of the Indian youth is increasing, and for the better. Coming back to those rare instances of pride being linked to our nationality, as a part of our identity, we begin to wonder why each and every one of us doesn’t feel that way, every single time our nation is being criticised. Why is it only on the 15th of August or 26th of January we feel ‘Indian’? Why does the pride and patriotism towards our motherland only come out during an India-Pakistan cricket match? Why does the sudden realisation of being Indian occur to us only when we watch a movie like Chak De India? Why?
Vishruta Mattu, an economics student of LSR College, Delhi gives us a fair idea of a thinking man’s perception of freedom, “Independence of India from a common man’s point of view is not only the sense of belonging, but a sense of contribution and existence in every step that our nation takes.” She also believes, “We constitute our nation, it does not constitute us. Independence is not our right to express but our right to be heard. Independence is not only smart politics, but being a part of a smarter public.” Lastly, she makes a vital point in saying, “Independence of our nation is not what we feel, but what we make of it and most importantly, independence is not about rights, but our duties towards the nation.” Kannagi Khanna on the other hand, hailing from Ahmadabad preferred to cut it short by saying, “Independence to me is having the most important thing in the world, i.e., freedom, without having to own it.”
With all sorts of different views and perceptions coming through from the young minds of today’s India, we had Karan Paul of St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata being a little poetic about his viewpoint of the entire process of our Independence. He tries to convey to us that Independence is necessary to us as much as oxygen is, and hence, we must listen to what people have to say and then decide upon whether it is correct or not, or else remain a fool forever. Pooja Maheshwary, who has just finished her schooling from St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, gives us a completely different outlook to independence. “How often do we actually think about the sacrifice, the struggle that has gone into obtaining this freedom that we’re enjoying, other than while studying about it in history class? To be honest, I never do. Independence to me means nothing. Being proud of my country on Independence Day and Republic Day every year has become more than a habit now. However, this needs to change, and fast.”
“Independence is having the freedom of choice in whatever I may do, in whatever I may wish to do, and similarly, freedom with reference to our great heroes is the biggest gift that our forefathers could have ever given us. The very thought that believed in making the future generations see the light of an independent India, was a great vision and expressed the freedom of the mind,” believes Dhiman Parekh, a B.A student of Fergusson College, Pune. After covering various viewpoints and ideas of and about Independence, we have Robin Mathew Babu, 19, of Delhi relating India’s Independence to his personal independence. He says, “To me, it means the freedom to do what I want without thinking of anything and believing that no one can control the freedom of my expression and creativity. Not being in bondage, so that I can scale heights that I wish to, and that no external factor can control me or my thoughts, but myself. “
Lastly, Akshata Samant, an aspiring filmmaker, currently nurturing her dream at Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, believes, “We’re independent on a scrap of paper, but not independent in the mind. It may be easy to say that we are the world’s greatest democracy and yet not believe in it. We follow the western trends and feel proud, making our minds greatly dependent on the thinking of the west, and believing in the fact that we are modern. If we were independent, why would most of our country’s major decisions be governed or influenced by various external factors? What good is it to be Independent as a nation, if the mind is a prisoner?”
With such a lot of brainstorming over Independence and its importance in our lives, it is not difficult to believe that the youth are concerned about the issues of the nation, as long as they are given platforms. The need of today’s youth is to be heard, not passed off. The need of today’s youth is to be free, not restrained. The need of today’s youth is realisation of values and not imposition. The need is not a need, but a want that must be satisfied.
August 15. Independence Day. For an average young urban Indian, the day runs pretty much to this schedule: firstly, and most importantly, you hope to hell it’s not a weekend. If you’re in school, you go for the flag-hoisting ceremony, followed by a mind-numbingly boring speech and a tableau of dances to depict “national integration”. If you’re the enthusiastic type, you’re probably participating in one of them.
In college, you could usually bunk the flag-hoisting, ignore the telecast of the parade from New Delhi on DD (not that you watch the channel, anyway) and bask in the holiday mood. And beginning to work is when an actual severing of all ties with I-Day happens. Because, you see, in college you could still get pulled up for not attending the flag-hoisting.
Yes, it’s Independence Day, dude, for which those freedom-fighter people sacrificed everything to get us the power of choice we take so much for granted. And, can it be said that because we never fought for independence and never paid a price for freedom, the ‘I’ in I-Day could mean only “me and myself”? Or, do some of the young people sipping cappuccinos at an outdoor cafe actually feel patriotic?
Post-1947, there were the midnight’s children-born in the dawn of independence, torch-bearers of the ideals that won us this glorious freedom, blessed with promise and ridden with lapses…the inheritors of that tryst with destiny. That was a generation split down the middle between those who stayed and those who left. Some fought and tried to create an India that could do the freedom fighters proud and others sought Green Cards and work permits in countries that nurtured dreams to fruition and who lived with the memories of a country now long gone.
As for us, the children of the midnight’s children, born into a country already jaded, corrupted and washed clean of the dreams of freedom fighters, we now march to the beat of the cash register.
We were raised to think for ourselves and to act on what we thought was best for us. “If I can lead my own life, do whatever I want to do and not be judged because this is still a conservative society in so many ways, I would, then, feel independent,” says Meghana Manay, 18, studying for a business degree in a Bangalore college. “Basically, if I can be left to myself, that’s my independence.”
“Independence for us has, unfortunately, come to mean individualism in the worst sense of the word,” says Roopa Mathew, 24, who works with a multinational firm in Bangalore. She talks about how the ideals that drove the independence movement have got lost over the years. “When you read or hear about the principles of Gandhi or Nehru, you are inspired. But where does that fit into our lives?”
“We take independence for granted and it’s the circumstances that made us this way,” says Shane Witherspoon, 27, an editor with an online publication in Bangalore. Shruti Shwetambari, a 29-year-old media manager in Mumbai, finds that, “We have been abusing and misusing freedom and independence. I don’t want to play the blame game but it is a complex mixture of our indifference and circumstances. But, the fact also is that we can make our own circumstances.”
These circumstances, glossed over by an “illusion of reality”, in a post-liberalisation society where malls and multiplexes and global conglomerates mushroom, have almost completely cut us off from what is actually happening outside of our metros.
Or even in them. Susan Stanley, 30, who works with an international software firm in Bangalore, says, “We take independence for granted because we have never experienced subjugation.” And so, their lives in this illusion are led almost parallel to reality and no one seems to really want them to converge.
“There is corruption and it’s disgusting.It’s also disgusting to see how politicians only care about themselves and make money.And, when you hear about how discrimination happens in rural areas, you feel terrible,” says Meghana. “But, it’s a momentary feeling. Once it passes, you get back to thinking about yourself and your own world. That’s how I think we’ve all grown up-we picture the world to be as it is for us. Not for anyone else.”
Rajvi Mariwala, 25, a management student in Mumbai, says, “Aren’t we being raised to be the second largest market in the world? With the largest middle class in the world, aren’t we all being raised to sell a dizzying variety of products to one another? English with a phoren accent and increasing buying power is our wagon to the ‘first world’.” Roopa agrees: “The society we live in now in cities like Bangalore is almost neo-imperialistic. We work in MNCs, shop at malls that sell international brands that are flaunted and eat at chains like McDonald’s or Subway. How does this daily routine ever reflect the idea of independence as it was initially conceived?” Shane is honest when he says, “I have to think about money and about what is important to me.
And I don’t think that can change much.”
Shruti finds that when her generation is labelled as being irresponsible or too materialistic, it is unfair as “most of us were never inculcated with a sense of community work or of reaching out to less privileged people. But then, I don’t know whether it’s also our fault for not imbibing these values and maybe we really have just chosen to be escapists.”
With a 10-year-old daughter, Rhea, Aparajita Singh, a management professional in Mumbai, finds that parents today need to make a conscious effort to educate children about issues like the freedom struggle and independence. “My husband and I read to my daughter from Nehru’s letters to Indira Gandhi, for example,” she says. When role models have changed from Gandhi to John Abraham (whom Rhea and her friends worship), Aparajita talks about the onus on parents, “My friends and I have to constantly talk to our children and educate them because the environment is no longer what it was for us.”
Poverty, discrimination, underprivileged children and downtrodden women-all have become the “other face” of India to the young, regardless of whether the issues are urban or rural. “It’s not that my generation is unaware of these problems, we are just not interested in them, other than feeling a little compassion for the people struggling with these issues. But then ‘feeling’ compassion is of no use if it is not followed by action,” says Susan. Shruti links this to the eternal Indian ‘chalta hai’ attitude-“We never pull up our socks and do anything.”
“When you hear about a rape case or see something on TV about atrocities, you feel terrible. But when you switch the channel, you forget,” says Malavika, 14, Meghana’s sister and a Bangalore high school student. Ajay Balasubramaniam, 26, who works with an IT firm in Bangalore, points out that with 24/7 news channels, internet and sms updates, you are always aware of what is happening. “So it’s not fair to say that we are oblivious to the problems because we cannot be with all this media exposure.”
Apart from scattered discussions over coffee or on email lists, few people actually get moving to resolve these problems. “Yeah, we discuss things, we complain about how nothing changes but we’re also so immune. We don’t want corruption, but what are we doing to stop it? If things don’t change, that’s also partly our fault,” argues Roopa. Shane says that although he would like to do something to help, “I fear that the so-called agencies of change could also be corrupt to the core.” And, thus, while the heart may be in the right place, the TV channel still gets changed.
Meghana reasons that this is because taking an initiative to counter a problem would be a responsibility not many want to shoulder.”You appreciate your life more when you hear about these cases but you will have to go out of your way to help,” she says. “About rural problems, for example, how many of us would actually be okay with staying in villages to help those people? It’s like another world completely and we don’t even relate to it.”
They all worry about corruption, about rising crime, about giving children basic necessities like food and clothing and about raising their own children in this society, which is not really a pleasant thought. And one way to set change in motion could be through voting for the “right” politicians. But, as Shane points out, “I don’t think any one of us can relate to today’s political leaders. They are full of empty promises and look only to make the most money in the short time they are in office.” Malavika finds all of them sounding the same and “talking about what they think we need, not the real issues.”
“Too many vested interests are ruining the situation today and if we could just have some sort of goal congruence among political parties, it would help,” reasons Shruti. “Independence and democracy are responsibilities for us. Or, at least, they ought to be,” says Rajvi. “Patriotism is not just about standing up in a theatre for the national anthem before watching Mallika Sherawat in a steamy scene. The impetus lies with us to realise that not littering the street or demanding accountability from government is also patriotism.”
Ajay agrees that independence “comes with certain riders, but how can you make people look beyond their immediate needs when that is how they have become?” He finds that there is nothing at all that connects a young person today to the freedom struggle or even the concept of fighting for independence. “History is taught to us in school and college with the intention of writing an exam and nothing more. This is where the true essence of what independent India is really all about is being washed away generation after generation.”
S. Iyer, 54, who works with a multinational firm in Chennai and has a daughter in her 20s, says his generation was probably “so euphoric at the novelty of independence but also so disgusted at events like the Emergency that we got sick of murky politics.” He argues that maybe they failed to provide their children with platforms to express patriotism. “So, while the young might actually be very patriotic, I think we can be partly blamed for not guiding them towards the right channels of expression.”
And over the years, 1857 becomes just another date to be mugged up and Dandi becomes one more dot to be plotted on a map-learn up as much as you need to make the passing grade. Whoever else is not mentioned in those textbooks and whatever fact is not a question on the exam really does not matter. Just don’t flunk the exam. This was a point driven well home by the sight of a 10-year-old on television some years ago, being asked by an anchor, “Who wrote Vande Mataram?” And the smug answer, given very confidently, was “A.R. Rehman.”
Shane and Susan find that to many Indians, sadly, I-Day has become one more holiday with nothing to set it apart. And it is just that to them, too. Coming from a family that was entirely involved in the independence movement, however, Shruti says, “In small towns, one sees a flag hoisted on top of every house on August 15, and I’ve heard children humming patriotic songs-it’s like a festival. But in a city like Bombay, maybe it is just a history lesson with students saying ‘ khud to mar gaye aur chod gaye ek chapter humare liye(they themselves died, but left us another chapter to learn)’.”
Ajay is “fascinated by how one man’s dream actually became freedom for millions” and can never think of it as just another day off work.”This was a country where there were signs saying ‘Dogs and Indians not allowed’. And to be where we are now… how can anyone miss the significance of Independence Day,” asks Shruti.
“I do feel very patriotic on August 15. Because when I study about the independence struggle in class, I feel really moved by everything those people gave up and how they had to fight. I really appreciate it because without them, we may still have been ruled by the British,” says Malavika. “But what can I really do to celebrate independence on that day apart from being present at the flag-hoisting?”
And so, at some point during August 15, either while watching the tricolour unfold, or while standing up to sing the national anthem, or catching a glimpse of the defence regiments marching past the President, or seeing the little kids selling plastic flags at traffic signals, or listening to the FM station play Ai Mere Pyare Watan, your heart does swell with pride. But then, the moment passes. You bought the flag and tucked it on your windscreen. Jai Hind. Now let’s go get a latte.
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